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Afghani And Abduh An Essay On Religious Unbelief

Middle Eastern Studies

Description: Since its launch in 1964 Middle Eastern Studies has become required reading for all those with a serious concern in understanding the modern Middle East. Middle Eastern Studies provides the most up-to-date academic research on the history and politics of the Arabic-speaking countries in the Middle East and North Africa as well as on Turkey, Iran and Israel, particularly during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

Coverage: 1964-2010 (Vol. 1, No. 1 - Vol. 46, No. 6)

Moving Wall: 7 years (What is the moving wall?)

The "moving wall" represents the time period between the last issue available in JSTOR and the most recently published issue of a journal. Moving walls are generally represented in years. In rare instances, a publisher has elected to have a "zero" moving wall, so their current issues are available in JSTOR shortly after publication.
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For example, if the current year is 2008 and a journal has a 5 year moving wall, articles from the year 2002 are available.

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ISSN: 00263206

Subjects: Middle East Studies, Area Studies

Collections: Arts & Sciences VII Collection, JSTOR Essential Collection

Jamal al-Din al-Afghani (1838-1897) and his well-known Egyptian disciple Muhammad Abduh (1849-1905), the Mufti of Egypt and Lord Cromer's friend, have been generally considered pious and devoted Muslims who initiated the reform and rejuvenation of Islam after a stagnation of centuries. In this classic essay, reissued in hardback and paperback some thirty years after its first appearance, Elie Kedourie argues that Afghani and Abduh should be considered subverters rather than reformers of Islam. Kedourie addresses the spread of concealed unbelief and atheism in Muslim society towards the end of the nineteenth century, and shows how both Afghani and Abduh, while making a show of their piety, really held esoteric beliefs quite incompatible with orthodox and traditional Islam.
Professor Kedourie also discusses the two men's political activities in Egypt before and during Urabi's revolt and in the process throws new light on the parties and factions which were involved in Egyptian politics in the 1870s. He also gives a summary account of Afghani's relations with the European Powers, an account which shows him to have been a Russian agent and possibly a French one - and to have offered his services to the British, which, in view of his anti-British record and reputation, adds piquancy to this man's strange career.