2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake Essay
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The 9.0 magnitude Indian Ocean earthquake was caused by subduction under the Indian Ocean. Earthquakes are usually caused by convection currents leading to subduction/convergent currents. Convection currents is caused by magma rising from the deepest part of the earth, then slowly cooling, sinking again then re-heating, then rising upwards basically repeating the rising and cooling then re-heating cycle over and over again. The plates are separated from each other and they move apart, the plates then obviously hit another plate right next to it causing subduction. This earthquake was caused on the Oceanic crust, in the Indian Ocean, creating tsunamis that caused disasters and thousands of life loss throughout the Indian Ocean basin. The…show more content…
People have a home but once the home is destroyed, there is no roof to stay under. Everything such as money and belongings will be all gone meaning everyone will have to start over. People would become greedy and criminal like since no one has anything left. If people see things that are valuable, people will fight and argue to win that valuable thing causing war leading to death. Everyone will starve because of hunger. No one will have the utensils and time to cook. If there were things to cook with, there will be no crops or animals left to cook/eat. In conclusion, natural disasters have a huge effect to the environment and people. War will start since everything would be extremely valuable, everyone will fight to get what they need and want.
Preparation and/or recovery from your disaster:
To reduce the damage that earthquakes create, people construct buildings that are stable. Japan is where there are lots of earthquakes but their buildings don’t collapse. Japanese pagodas are five stories. The pagodas are held up by a central pillar acting as the support. During earthquake’s, each floor balances independently without transmitting force to other floors.
There are other ways to improve buildings to reduce the impact of earthquakes. In some Japanese buildings, there’s a base isolation built. The “Base Isolation” is a system that is made of steel disks. These steel disks are made of soft materials to soften the transmission of seismic movement from the ground
The Indian Ocean Tsunami Essay
Imagine more than half of the population of Kenosha being over-taken by a deluge of water without warning or the ability to escape. On December 26, 2004, an earthquake measuring 9.0 on the Richter scale, occurred in the Indian Ocean off of the Samaritan coast, triggering the deadliest tsunami in recorded history. Before the tsunami, this region of the world was one of the most sought after vacation spots. After the record-breaking destruction, the pristine beach front and inviting residents were forever changed. The regional damage was so massive that it demanded a response on a global scale for rescue, recovery, stability, and to rebuild this treasured place.
Before the tsunami, this region of the world was one of the most sought after vacation spots. Beachside resorts, breathtaking scenery, and various recreational activities were major tourist attractions. The seemingly tranquil life of the natives and year round warm climate conditions created steady tourism and economic support. With more than thirteen thousand, five hundred different islands for tourists to explore, many visitors enjoyed repeat trips with unlimited experiences.
Thailand, Indonesia, and Maldives were thriving developing countries from the economic support provided by the tourism industry. The white sand beaches and lush tropical greenery found on one island could be replaced with glorious mountains and waterfalls form a short boat ride to another island. Tourism flourished because of the many interesting physical characteristics of the area. According to the CIA World Fact Book, Thailand offered its many visitors peaceful democracy and a southern isthmus known to be always hot and humid (CIA World Fact Book). Maldives presented world-class coral reefs and atolls for exploration, while Indonesia gave its many travelers either luxurious five star island resorts or simpler ocean side huts to live like the natives. Indonesia’s three distinct geographical areas, Sundah Shelf, Sahul Shelf, and forming volcanic region yielded different tourist attractions as well as agricultural exports.
Agriculture provided the second largest percent of gross domestic product behind the leading tourism industry (CIA World Fact Book). The Sumatran region gave visitors a look at production and export of the most important regional exports. Coffee, tea, copra, palm oil, sisal, tobacco, sugar, cocoa, and other spices provided the world with treats and delicacies for both young and old. The National Geographic article on the tsunami stated that the agricultural success depended upon a fresh water supply, steady weather, healthy soil, and quick transport to the world for the perishable commodities (The Deadliest Tsunami in History? 2). A dedicated workforce to farm the land and transport the goods was especially critical for the smaller islands seeking to develop economically and socially.
The people of the region were divided into many cultural groups as the...
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