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Define Bibliography Information

The Slovak National Branch of IAML activities are focused mainly on R-projects--RISM, RILM, RIdIM and participates within two other commissions: the Public Libraries Commission of the Slovak National Branch of IAML and the Cataloguing and Bibliographic Commission of the Slovak National Branch of IAML.

Slovakia / Slovensko

10, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- ProQuest affiliate Bowker, the world's leader in bibliographic data management, is turning the heat up on its role as an essential partner in book discovery, providing solutions that help publishers, booksellers and libraries better serve their customers.

Bowker Focuses on Discovery for 2014 and Beyond

Thomas, a retired elementary school librarian who has taught college courses on literature for children and adolescents, provides public and school librarians with a supplement to the Eighth Edition of A to Zoo that lists the most recent fiction and nonfiction picture books for children in pre-kindergarten to second grade, followed by a bibliographic guide and title and illustrator indexes.

A to zoo; subject access to children's picture books; supplement to the 8th ed

A number of Smiraglia's former publications are treasured for their assistance in the daily details of cataloging practice, such as, Music Cataloging: The Bibliographic Control of Printed and Recorded Music in Libraries (Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited, 1989) and Describing Music Materials: A Manual for Descriptive Cataloging of Printed and Recorded Music, Music Videos, and Archival Music Collections, for Use with AACR2 and APPM (Lake Crystal, MN: Soldier Creek Press, 1997).

Bibliographic Control of Music, 1897-2000

Bowker, a provider of bibliographic information, reported on Wednesday (14 March) that it has extended its licence agreement with book retailer Borders Group Inc (NYSE:BGP) for use of Bowker's Global Books In Print database in Borders corporate offices and in stores.

Bowker extends bibliographic database licence with Borders

There are a number of practicing Slavic librarians, as well as other academics, who received their first introduction to the profession and world of Slavic resources by taking Murlin Croucher's bibliographic methods course at Indiana University.


Elsevier Bibliographic Databases has introduced the beta version of EMCare, a new bibliographic database drawn from more than 2,700 international source titles, including close to 2 million records from the nursing, allied health, and biomedical literature.

Nursing and allied health database

Annotated Bibliographies


This handout provides information about annotated bibliographies in MLA, APA, and CMS.

Contributors: Geoff Stacks, Erin Karper, Dana Bisignani, Allen Brizee
Last Edited: 2018-02-09 12:16:22


A bibliography is a list of sources (books, journals, Web sites, periodicals, etc.) one has used for researching a topic. Bibliographies are sometimes called "References" or "Works Cited" depending on the style format you are using. A bibliography usually just includes the bibliographic information (i.e., the author, title, publisher, etc.).

An annotation is a summary and/or evaluation. Therefore, an annotated bibliography includes a summary and/or evaluation of each of the sources. Depending on your project or the assignment, your annotations may do one or more of the following.

  • Summarize: Some annotations merely summarize the source. What are the main arguments? What is the point of this book or article? What topics are covered? If someone asked what this article/book is about, what would you say? The length of your annotations will determine how detailed your summary is.

    For more help, see our handout on paraphrasing sources.

  • Assess: After summarizing a source, it may be helpful to evaluate it. Is it a useful source? How does it compare with other sources in your bibliography? Is the information reliable? Is this source biased or objective? What is the goal of this source?

    For more help, see our handouts on evaluating resources.

  • Reflect: Once you've summarized and assessed a source, you need to ask how it fits into your research. Was this source helpful to you? How does it help you shape your argument? How can you use this source in your research project? Has it changed how you think about your topic?

Your annotated bibliography may include some of these, all of these, or even others. If you're doing this for a class, you should get specific guidelines from your instructor.

Why should I write an annotated bibliography?

To learn about your topic: Writing an annotated bibliography is excellent preparation for a research project. Just collecting sources for a bibliography is useful, but when you have to write annotations for each source, you're forced to read each source more carefully. You begin to read more critically instead of just collecting information. At the professional level, annotated bibliographies allow you to see what has been done in the literature and where your own research or scholarship can fit. To help you formulate a thesis: Every good research paper is an argument. The purpose of research is to state and support a thesis. So, a very important part of research is developing a thesis that is debatable, interesting, and current. Writing an annotated bibliography can help you gain a good perspective on what is being said about your topic. By reading and responding to a variety of sources on a topic, you'll start to see what the issues are, what people are arguing about, and you'll then be able to develop your own point of view.

To help other researchers: Extensive and scholarly annotated bibliographies are sometimes published. They provide a comprehensive overview of everything important that has been and is being said about that topic. You may not ever get your annotated bibliography published, but as a researcher, you might want to look for one that has been published about your topic.


The format of an annotated bibliography can vary, so if you're doing one for a class, it's important to ask for specific guidelines.

The bibliographic information: Generally, though, the bibliographic information of the source (the title, author, publisher, date, etc.) is written in either MLA or APA format. For more help with formatting, see our MLA handout. For APA, go here: APA handout.

The annotations: The annotations for each source are written in paragraph form. The lengths of the annotations can vary significantly from a couple of sentences to a couple of pages. The length will depend on the purpose. If you're just writing summaries of your sources, the annotations may not be very long. However, if you are writing an extensive analysis of each source, you'll need more space.

You can focus your annotations for your own needs. A few sentences of general summary followed by several sentences of how you can fit the work into your larger paper or project can serve you well when you go to draft.